"Behind the Games: Street Art and Protest During the Mexico City (1968) and the Rio de Janeiro (2016) Olympics." Ridiculosa, a French multi-disciplinary journal (Fall 2017).

Your Art Here: Contemporary Artists, Advertising and the Infiltration of the American Periodical. Book manuscript submitted for publication.


Your Art Here: Contemporary Art and Print Advertisements, 1964 - 1980 (2015)

Emboldened by the cultural appropriations of Pop art, many artists in the 1960s and '70s began directly interposing their work into the pages of mass media publications. This dissertation establishes artist-generated print advertisements as paradigms of this avant-garde trend, revealing the incisive dialogues they fostered on feminism, racial politics, sexuality, commercialization and other important issues facing the art world at the time. Investigating magazine ads and newspaper classifieds placed by Yoko Ono, Ray Johnson, Terry Fugate-Wilcox, Ed Ruscha, Judy Chicago, Bruce Conner, Lynda Benglis and other American artists between 1964 and 1980, this study classifies these works as exemplars not only of each artist’s oeuvre and but also of wider artistic movements challenging post-war cultural norms.


Review of Realize Your Desires: Underground Press from the Library of Stefan Brecht (2017)

We live in a country divided. Americans today are struggling to have frank, productive dialogues about politics, civil liberties, and social issues. Thanks to livestreaming and social media, our impassioned reactions, firsthand accounts, and official statements catalog each day’s debates in real time and on a vast public scale. While it is tempting to attribute our current state of the union to uniquely twenty-first-century problems—terrorism, technology, or globalization, to name a few—it is clear that neither these issues nor our reliance on real-time, real-talk commentary are new. In fact, America is presently grappling with many of the same challenges that affected it some fifty years ago, including racism, police brutality, sexism, and sexuality.

Excerpt from review published by, March 22, 2017.

Read the full text here.


Art Everywhere: The Met's Little-Known Collection of Advertising Art (2015)

Though little-known today, artist Terry Fugate-Wilcox made a major splash in the 1970s New York art world. Disgusted by the growing commercialization of the art market in the late 1960s, Fugate-Wilcox set up an elaborate hoax to expose the art world’s increasingly superficial and avaricious ways. He created a conceptual organization called the Jean Freeman Gallery, which included a fictitious address, phone number, bank account, and even imaginary artists. (Fugate-Wilcox created the work himself under the auspices of different artists’ names.) The gallery was substantiated by a series of bold, engaging advertisements placed monthly in all the major art publications, including Artforum, Art in America, and ARTNews. The hoax was a roaring success; his nonexistent exhibitions received positive reviews in prominent periodicals, leaving collectors clamoring to own a work by these (unbeknownst to them) nonexistent artists.

Excerpt from essay published by The Metropolitan Museum of Art's Watson Library on the site In Circulation, November 25, 2015.

Read the full text here




The Art of Protest and the Year that Changed the World: A Study of the 1968 Student Demonstration Posters in Paris and Mexico City (2011)

Considering the student-led protests in Paris and Mexico City in 1968, this study will argue that graphic art—in particular mass-produced silkscreen posters—provided the ideal platform for exposing corruption, rallying support and distributing information amongst protesters . . . Using bold single-color graphics, these signs developed a visual vocabulary of dissent—replete with raised fists, barred mouths, zombie-like eyes and helmeted police brutes—that helped to refine the character and ideals of the movement.

Excerpt from an article printed in The University of Toronto Art Journal (vol. 4, 2011), developed from a paper given at the University of Toronto graduate student symposium, January 2011. The essay discusses the graphic identity of the 1968 student protest movements in Paris and Mexico City and the inventive ways in which their poster designs utilizes common icons of dissent to draw support for their cause.

Read the entire paper online here


Dynamite Packed Thrillers, Joys of the Flesh and Other Added Attractions: Reginald Marsh and the Golden Age of Movies (2012)

Reginald Marsh explored the city like a modern-day flaneur, sketching its every detail—the exact layout and typeface of shop signs, the colors and structure of a movie theater facade, or the clothing of people standing on the sidewalk. And it is these very observations, later incorporated into his vibrant, uninhibited scenes, that gave Marsh’s paintings an exuberance and vitality that was unmatched by any of his contemporaries.”

Excerpt from an essay published by the Museum of the City of New York in conjunction with their ongoing online exhibition 'Reginald Marsh' . The paper discusses Marsh's uniquely detailed, informational and vibrant approach to depicting cinema houses in New York.

Read the full essay online here